In a but in 1827, on February 8 and 9, the Battle of Juncal took place, between Argentina and Brazil, which was the greatest Argentine naval victory.


1587.- The queen of Scotland, Mary Icall Mary Stuartis beheaded on the scaffold in Fotheringhay Castlenorth of England, by order of the queen Elizabeth I.

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1861.- Florida, Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, Georgia and South Carolina they form the “Confederate States of America”.

1887.- USA promulgates the General Adjudication Law either “Dawes Law”, which authorizes the American president to divide Indian tribes and distribute them into small plots.

1898.- In Guatemala the president is assassinated José María Reina Barrios.

1904.- The japanese navy surprise attack on the Russian fleet anchored in Port Arthur. Two days later Japan declared war on Russiawhich ended in 1905 with the signing of the treaty of portsmouth.

1910.- William D. BoyceAmerican businessman and publisher, founded in Washington (USA) the youth organization Boys Scouts of America (BSA).

1924.- In USAin the Nevada State Prisonthe first execution of a condemned man is carried out in the gas chamber.

1928.- The British John Logie Baird makes the first televised broadcast between London and NY.

1941.- The Iberian sculptureLady of Elche” is delivered to Spain by the French government.

1952.- In it United Kingdom, Isabel II is proclaimed queen, who was crowned in 1953 in the westminster abbey.

1969.- In the Allende cityin the Mexican state of chihuahuathe meteorite named after that town falls, considered the largest carbonaceous chondrite known and the “most studied meteorite in the world”.

1971.- In USAhe is born Nasdaq, National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotationsthe biggest electronic stock exchange of the world.

1974.- Return to the Land the last crew of the American space station Skylabwhich had been in orbit since 1973 and which disintegrated and fell to the Indian Ocean in 1979.

1975.- Bolivia restores, in the so-called “Charaña’s Hug”, diplomatic relations with Chilibroken in 1962.

1984.- The are inaugurated Winter Olympics in Sarajevo (Yugoslavia).

1997.- Ecuador is experiencing one of the worst political crises in its history. Abdalá Bucaramdismissed as president for mental insanity, Fabian Alarconappointed interim president, and the vice president Rosalía Arteagathey proclaim themselves presidents at the same time.

2003.- In Bogota (Colombia), around thirty people die and more than a hundred are injured in a car bomb attack against a social club in the capital.

2005.- It is held in Sharm el Sheikh (Egypt), the Palestinian-Israeli Summit, in which Abu Mazenpresident of the Palestinian National Authority (ANP), and the prime minister of Israel, Ariel Sharonannounce a ceasefire, after almost five years of secondintifada”.

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2018.- The Prosecutor’s Office International Criminal Court (CPI) opens preliminary examination to Venezuela due to the repression of the security forces, both in demonstrations and in some prisons.

2021.- The government of USA announces that it returns as an observer country to UN Human Rights Councilwhich he left in 2018.

2023.- The House of Representatives of Puerto Rico approves a bill that creates the Pablo Casals Trustin charge of locating a structure on the island that promotes and protects the historical and musical legacy of the Catalan musician.


1828.- Julio VerneFrench novelist, creator of the science fiction novel.

1890.- Anita DelgadoSpanish dancer and Maharani from Kapurthala (India).

1918.- Enrique Tierno GalvánSpanish professor and politician.

1921.- Julia Jean Mildred Frances TurnerLana Turner”, American film actress.

1923.- Alfonso Aragón BermúdezFlabby”, clown and singer.

1925.- Jack Lemmonfilm actor, American.

1931.- James DeanAmerican actor.

1935.- Luis María Ansón OliartSpanish journalist.

1941.- Nick NolteAmerican actor.

1944.- Sebastiao Ribeiro SalgadoBrazilian photographer.

1955.- John GrishamAmerican writer.

1966.- Hristo StoichkovBulgarian footballer


1911.- Joaquin CostaSpanish jurist, writer and politician.

1921.- Pyotr KropotkinRussian anarchist theorist.

1980.- Agustín MillaresSpanish paleographer.

1999.- Iris MurdochIrish novelist.

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2012.- Luis Alberto SpinettaArgentine musician.

2021.- Osvaldo Cattone RipamontiArgentine actor, director and theater producer.

2022.- Luc MontagnierFrench virologist, co-discoverer of HIV.


Agencia EFE is a Spanish international news agency that distributes information to more than two thousand media outlets around the world in the written press, radio, television and internet. It has a network with more than three thousand journalists of 60 nationalities. It operates 24 hours a day from at least 180 cities in 110 countries.


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