On February 10, 1878, the Peace of Zanjón puts an end to the first phase of the war between Spain and Cuba after ten years of fighting.

Other anniversaries

1519.- The Spanish soldier Hernán Cortés leaves for the conquest of Mexico.

1763.- Signing of the Treaty of Paris, which ends the Seven Years’ War, and by which France and Spain suffered colonial territorial losses in favor of England.

1805.- King Charles IV signs a Royal Decree prohibiting the celebration of bullfights in Spain.

1906.- Launching in Great Britain of the “Dreadnought”, the first steam battleship and the fastest of its time.

1926.- The seaplane “Plus Ultra”, which had departed from Palos de la Frontera (Huelva), arrives in Buenos Aires, in what was the first crossing of the Atlantic in an east-west direction.

1943.- Mahatma Gandhi begins a hunger strike against his arrest, which lasted for 21 days.

1947.- Signing in Paris of the peace treaties that put an end to World War II.

1985.- The leader of the South African black movement Nelson Mandela, imprisoned since 1962, renounces the freedom offered by the Government if he abandons the armed struggle.

1994.- Brazil, Portugal and five African nations constitute the Portuguese Language Community in Brasilia.

1996.- IBM’s latest generation computer “Deep Blue” defeats the world chess champion, the Russian Gari Kasparov, in the first of the six games of the match played at the Philadelphia Convention Center.

2005.- North Korea recognizes, for the first time, that it has nuclear weapons.

2010.- The Uruguayan justice system sentences former Uruguayan dictator Juan María Bordaberry to thirty years in prison for the 1973 coup d’état and for nine crimes of forced disappearance and two of especially aggravated homicide.

2017.- Peru offers a strong reward for the capture of former president Alejandro Toledo (2001-2006), accused of money laundering and influence peddling for allegedly receiving $20 million in bribes from the Brazilian construction company Odebrecht.

2018.- Northern Irish politician Gerry Adams officially leaves the presidency of Sinn Féin after more than 34 years in office.

2023.- Nicaraguan bishop Rolando José Álvarez Lagos, critical of the Government of President Daniel Ortega, is sentenced to 26 years and 4 months in prison for “treason against the country.”

Births

1890.- Boris Pasternak, Russian novelist.

1898.- Berthold Brecht, German playwright and poet.

1908.- Pablo Serrano, Spanish sculptor.

1930.- Robert Wagner, American actor.

1950.- Mark Spitz, American swimmer, Olympic champion.

Deaths

1755.- Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, French political writer.

1923.- Wilhelm Roentgen, German physicist, discoverer of X-rays.

1939.- Pius XI, Pope.

2005.- Arthur Miller, American playwright.

2014.- Shirley Temple, American actress.

2023.- Carlos Saura, Spanish filmmaker.

.- Hugh Hudson, British filmmaker, director of the film “Chariots of Fire.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Agencia EFE is a Spanish international news agency that distributes information to more than two thousand media outlets around the world in the written press, radio, television and internet. It has a network with more than three thousand journalists of 60 nationalities. It operates 24 hours a day from at least 180 cities in 110 countries.



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